Why can't my Java Spring app cannot connect to my database?

Resolution

Set your JDBC database URL as a system property such as -Dspring.datasource.url=jdbc:postgresql://... in your Procfile. This takes precedence over other forms of configuration including environment variables and configuration files.

The official Heroku buildpacks for Java and Gradle will attempt to create SPRING_DATASOURCE_URL, SPRING_DATASOURCE_USERNAME, and SPRING_DATASOURCE_PASSWORD environment variables when a dyno starts up. These variables will override configuration in your application.properties files, which can interfere with you app's ability to connect to your database.